Percent of Time Fire PFA Intercedes before Flashover (contained to room of origin)

Desired Result:  Above Target

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Analysis of Performance

Four fires reached flashover in the first quarter of 2022. There were 39 incidents calculated in the first quarter, 18 were structure/building fires and 21 other fires met the criteria of this measure. These 21 fires were confined fires in or attached to structures. Fourteen of the building fires had to be extinguished by crews on scene with proper deployment of hoselines. Seven of the fires were in a building with a sprinkler system. The sprinkler system activated and was effective in one of these fires. Two fires were too small to activate the sprinkler system and one system failed to operate due to manual interference. Three fires was extinguished with a pump can or extinguisher.

The performance for the first quarter flashover measure was 90% for PFA with the goal being 85%. YTD this measure sits at 90%.

PFA strongly believes that the best service to the community is to prevent fires from occurring and limiting the loss to life and property if they do. Therefore, PFA will continue to inspect and require sprinklers in occupancies that the Fire Code dictates to prevent flashover from occurring. PFA Public education will continue to employ strategies in their programs to reduce the loss of life and property from fires. Response times are monitored for Standard of Cover requirements and crews train monthly on tactics like Vent-Enter-Search and hose deployment to be ready when a fire does occur. Finally, PFA is working on “right sizing the response” to all incident types that the organization responds to. This includes the implementation of the RAM (Roving Alternative Medical) unit in high density areas in high volume periods to reduce response times in all risks, including fire. If engines are not on lower acuity calls, then they are able to respond quicker to higher acuity ones such as fires and intercede prior to flashover.

Metric Definition
This measure relates to the ability of on-scene firefighters and building sprinklers to prevent fire flashover and the spread of a structure fire.
Why Is This Important?
Flashover is the stage of a structure fire when it becomes extremely dangerous to occupants, structures and firefighters. During a flashover, temperatures and conditions are intense and an entire room can burst into flames, causing a fire to spread to other parts of the structure. By containing a fire to its room of origin and delaying flashover, firefighters can buy several minutes, which may be critical. Delaying flashover allows more time to complete a search and rescue of the burning room or allow a firefighter to go above a fire to rescue a trapped victim. Delaying flashover and fire spread can limit fire loss and injuries to occupants and firefighters.
City Organization Impact on Performance

High – PFA's ability to influence the fire containment to the room of origin is rooted in effective firefighter training to attack fire upon arrival, efficient response times, education and outreach to the community on fire safety practices, and the mandatory use of fire sprinklers in some buildings to limit the spread of fire.

Benchmark Information
Benchmarking in progress