Percent of Time Fire PFA Intercedes before Flashover (contained to room of origin)

Desired Result:  Above Target

 
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Analysis of Performance


In the second quarter of 2021 there was one fire that reached flashover prior to PFA arrival. There were 20 incidents calculated in the first quarter, 18 were structure/building fires and 2 other fires met the criteria of this measure. Three of the building fires had to be extinguished by crews on scene with proper deployment of hose lines inside of the structure. Five were extinguished by code mandated sprinkler systems comprising 25% of the fires. Two other fires were extinguished with fire extinguishers that were not code mandated. There was total of 39 incidents that were coded as fires by report authors in the year to date.

The performance for the second quarter flashover measure was 95% for PFA with the goal being 85%. YTD this measure sits at 95%.



PFA strongly believes that the best service to the community is to prevent fires from occurring and limiting the loss to life and property if they do. Therefore, PFA will continue to inspect and require sprinklers in occupancies that the Fire Code dictates to prevent flashover from occurring. PFA Public education will continue to employ strategies in their programs to reduce the loss of life and property from fires. Response times are monitored for Standard of Cover requirements and crews train monthly on tactics like Vent-Enter-Search and hose deployment to be ready when a fire does occur. Finally, PFA is working on “right sizing the response” to all incident types that the organization responds to. This includes the implementation of the RAM (Roving Alternative Medical) unit in high density areas in high volume periods to reduce response times in all risks, including fire. If engines are not on lower acuity calls, then they are able to respond quicker to higher acuity ones such as fires and intercede prior to flashover.

Metric Definition
This measure relates to the ability of on-scene firefighters and building sprinklers to prevent fire flashover and the spread of a structure fire.
Why Is This Important?
Flashover is the stage of a structure fire when it becomes extremely dangerous to occupants, structures and firefighters. During a flashover, temperatures and conditions are intense and an entire room can burst into flames, causing a fire to spread to other parts of the structure. By containing a fire to its room of origin and delaying flashover, firefighters can buy several minutes, which may be critical. Delaying flashover allows more time to complete a search and rescue of the burning room or allow a firefighter to go above a fire to rescue a trapped victim. Delaying flashover and fire spread can limit fire loss and injuries to occupants and firefighters.
City Organization Impact on Performance

High – PFA's ability to influence the fire containment to the room of origin is rooted in effective firefighter training to attack fire upon arrival, efficient response times, education and outreach to the community on fire safety practices, and the mandatory use of fire sprinklers in some buildings to limit the spread of fire.

Benchmark Information
Benchmarking in progress